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MEta-analysis of MTT and pulomary blood flow

Meta-analysis of mean transit time and pulmonary blood flow in the lung

by M Tibiletti, L Edwards, J Naish, G J M Parker, J C Waterton

European Respiratory Journal 2022 60: 2147. doi: 10.1183/13993003.congress-2022.2147


Introduction: CT and MRI can assess mean transit time (MTT) and pulmonary blood flow (PBF) in the lung. We aimed to determine whether MTT and PBF in the healthy lung are consistent across studies and differentiated from results in disease.

Method: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed to identify studies that quantified MTT and/or PBF in the lung. Inclusion criteria were limited to MRI or CT, English language, human subjects, injection of intravenous contrast agent, and quantitative values determined by indicator dilution theory. The weighted mean and standard deviation (SD) of MTT and PBF were estimated from the healthy volunteers’ (HV) values reported, weighted by number of subjects.

Results: We identified 34 studies for meta-analysis after exclusions, summarised in figure 1. In HV, weighted MTT was 5.91±1.84s (10 studies) and the weighted PBF 246±93 ml/100ml/min (14 studies).

Conclusion: MTT was consistent across studies in healthy volunteers and similarly in diseased subjects, with few values outside of the normal range. In comparison, PBF values were consistently markedly reduced in multiple diseases.